July 5th: In person Memorial and via Teams https://cce.upmc.com/content/stable-7523
August 29th: In person only at Harrisburg Hospital
September 20th: In person at Carlisle Hospital and via Teams
October 27th: In person only at Hanover Hospital
The learner at the end of this class should be able to know the basics of stabilizing a sick newborn. They should understand the six modules we go over including Sugar, temperature, airway, blood pressure, labs, and emotional support. Sugar: 1. Issues of patient safety and error reduction in the delivery of healthcare to infants. 2. Infants at increased risk for developing hypoglycemia, including preterm and small for gestational age infants, infants of diabetic mothers, and sick, stressed infants. 3. The impact of late-preterm birth on increased morbidity and mortality. 4. Screening recommendations for gestational diabetes. 5. The physiologic basis of aerobic and anaerobic metabolism. 6. The initial intravenous fluid therapy to provide to sick infants. 7. Recommendations for monitoring the blood glucose. 8. Signs of hypoglycemia, IV glucose treatment of hypoglycemia and post-treatment reassessment. 9. Indications for placement of umbilical catheters. 10. The principles for safe use of umbilical catheters. 11. Surgical and medical abdominal conditions that present as bowel obstruction Temperature: 1. Infants at increased risk for hypothermia. 2. The normal physiologic response to cold stress for term infants. 3. Mechanisms of heat gain and loss. 4. The physiologic response to hypothermia for term and preterm infants. 5. Candidates for therapeutic neuroprotective hypothermia. 6. Methods to rewarm hypothermic infants and how to monitor hypothermic infants during rewarming. Airway 1. Labs and tests to obtain during the post-resuscitation / pre-transport period. 2. Signs of neonatal respiratory distress and how to distinguish between mild, moderate, and severe distress. 3. Blood gas interpretation and treatment of respiratory and metabolic acidosis. 4. Signs of respiratory failure. 5. Principles of assisted ventilation, including candidates for continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), bag and mask or T-piece resuscitator positive pressure ventilation (PPV), assisting with endotracheal (ET) intubation, securing the ET tube, chest x-ray evaluation for ET tube position, and initial ventilatory support. 6. Respiratory illnesses and airway challenges that present in the neonatal period. 7. Identification and treatment of pneumothorax. 8. How to safely use analgesics to treat pain. Blood Pressure: 1. The difference between compensated and uncompensated shock. 2. The principles of cardiac output and heart rate as they relate to shock and factors that can impair cardiac output. 3. The physical examination to evaluate for shock. 4. The causes and initial treatment of the three major types of shock seen in infants: hypovolemic, cardiogenic, and septic shock. Labs 1. Perinatal and postnatal risk factors that predispose infants to infection. 2. The clinical signs of neonatal sepsis. 3. Bacterial and viral organisms that may cause infection. 4. Laboratory tests to obtain in the pre-transport / post-resuscitation period. 5. White blood cell (WBC) development, how to calculate and interpret the absolute neutrophil count and immature to total ratio. 6. The initial antibiotic treatment of an infant with suspected sepsis. Emotional Support 1. The crisis families experience when an infant requires transport to, or care in, a neonatal intensive care unit. 2. Ways healthcare providers can support parents of sick infants. 3. Methods neonatal healthcare providers can use to facilitate parenting in the NICU. Quality Improvement 1. Concerns regarding patient safety and methods to reduce medical errors and preventable adverse events in this vulnerable population. 2. The importance of effective communication and teamwork to prevent harm and to improve patient safety. 3. Simulation-based education as a strategy to improve patient safety. 4. The importance of self-assessment and debriefing to evaluate care provided in the post-resuscitation/pre-transport stabilization period.
The information presented at this CME program represents the views and opinions of the individual presenters, and does not constitute the opinion or endorsement of, or promotion by, the UPMC Center for Continuing Education in the Health Sciences, UPMC / University of Pittsburgh Medical Center or Affiliates and University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Reasonable efforts have been taken intending for educational subject matter to be presented in a balanced, unbiased fashion and in compliance with regulatory requirements. However, each program attendee must always use his/her own personal and professional judgment when considering further application of this information, particularly as it may relate to patient diagnostic or treatment decisions including, without limitation, FDA-approved uses and any off-label uses.
Nichole Henry CRNP
Robert Englert MD
Alex Handyside CRNP
Alex Handyside CRNP
Megan Eberly CRNP
Robert Englert MD
No members of the planning committee, speakers, presenters, authors, content reviewers and/or anyone else in a position to control the content of this education activity have relevant financial relationships with any proprietary entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services, used on, or consumed by, patients to disclose.
In support of improving patient care, the University of Pittsburgh is jointly accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME), the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education (ACPE), and the American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC), to provide continuing education for the healthcare team.
The University of Pittsburgh School designates this live activity for a maximum of 7.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits™. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
The maximum number of hours awarded for this Continuing Nursing Education activity is 7.75 contact hours.
Other Healthcare Professionals
Other health care professionals will receive a certificate of attendance confirming the number of contact hours commensurate with the extent of participation in this activity.
- 7.75 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™The University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
- 7.75 ANCCUPMC Provider Unit is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation
- 7.75 Attendance